The brain is one of the largest and most complex organs in the human body. It is our body’s control center for our thoughts, memory, speech and movement. The brain works quickly and efficiently when it is healthy. But problems can occur in the form of infections, trauma, stroke, seizures and tumors. These are the major categories of brain diseases we treat at Pacific Brain & Spine.
|These symptoms…||…May be signs of this clinical condition…||…Which may be treated with this procedure|
|Because types of brain tumors vary greatly in terms of size, location, and rate of growth, so do the symptoms associated with them. Symptoms may include: Frequent headaches; Unexplained nausea; Speech difficulties; Loss of balance; Confusion; Personality changes; Hearing and vision problems||Brain tumors||Craniectomy for Tumor Neurosurgeons perform a craniectomy to create a “bone window” or opening into the skull in order to safely remove a tumor.|
|Neurological problems, which may include: Seizures; Severe headache; Vomiting; Confusion; Chest pain||Brain tumor; Cerebral aneurysm (hemorrhage from a weak blood vessel); Hematoma (blood clot); Abscess drainage; To relieve pressure inside the skull; Biopsy||Craniotomy Specialized tools are used by surgeons to remove a section of bone – called a bone flap – from the skull in order to expose the brain. The bone flap is replaced once the brain surgery is completed.|
|Headache; Vision loss; Seizures; Cushing’s symptoms include: High blood pressure; High blood sugar; Thinner arms and legs and excess fat around the mid-section; Other symptoms for differing types of pituitary tumors can include: Weight gain; Irregular heartbeat; Menstrual cycle changes; Impotence||Pituitary adenomas including secretory tumors that cause Cushing’s disease; Acromegaly (or gigantism in a child); Non-secretory tumors that can lead to loss of peripheral vision||Trans nasal Transsphenoidal Resection (Pituitary Tumor Surgery)This minimally invasive procedure is performed through the nose to remove tumors from the pituitary gland or skull base. A tiny incision is made to reach the tumor through the sphenoid sinus, which is one of the facial air spaces behind the nose. Using an endoscope or microscope, and depending on the size of the tumor, the surgeon resections the tumor to remove it in small pieces.|
|Difficulty with balance and walking; headache; nausea and vomiting; irritability; fatigue and/or drowsiness; memory problems; confusion; possible loss of bladder control.||Hydrocephalus, excess cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) circulating around the brain and spinal cord||Shunts Shunts placed in the brain help drain cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) so it can be redirected to other areas of the body for reabsorption. Surgery to place a shunt begins with 3 small incisions to place catheters and drain excess CSF as necessary in order to reduce pressure on the brain.|